Andorra, Croatia, France, Germany, Italy, Monaco, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland and Jersey. Introduced to Guernsey and Dorset (England) and Kansas (United States).


Lacerta bilineata  DAUDIN, 1802

Subspecies (2):

Lacerta bilineata bilineata  DAUDIN, 1802

Lacerta bilineata chloronota  RAFINESQUE-SCHMALTZ, 1810

Common names:

Western Green Lizard (English)
Westliche Smaradgeidechse (German)


Holotype: unlocated; `la collection d`histoire naturelle d`Alexandre Brongniart … environs de Paris` (fide I. Doronin, pers. comm. Nov 2018), but not listed in Guibé 1954 for MNHN.

Relevant taxonomic literature:

  • Daudin, F.M. (1802) -  Description of Lacerta bilineata. -  In: Histoire Naturel, générale et particulièredes reptiles, ouvrage faisant suite, a l’histoire naturelle, générale et particuliére composée par LECLERC DE BUFFON, et redigée par C.S. SONNINI, vol. 3 F Dufart, Paris. pp. 152-154.   

  • Amann, T. & Rykena, S. & Joger, U. & Nettmann, H.-K. & Veith, M. (1997) -  Zur artlichen Trennung von Lacerta bilineata DAUDIN, 11802 und L. viridis (LAURENTI, 1768). -  Salamandra, Rheinbach, 33 (4): 255-268.    

  • Godinho, R. & Crespo, E.G. & Ferrand, N. & Harris, D.J. (2005) -  Phylogeny and evolution of the green lizards, Lacerta spp. (Squamata: Lacertidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences -  Amphibia-Reptilia, 26 (3): 271-285.    

  • Marzahn, E., Mayer, W., Joger, U., Ilgaz, Ç, Jablonski, D., Kindler, C., Kumlutaş, Y., Nistri, A., Schneeweiss, N., Vamberger, M., Žagar, A. & Fritz, U. (2016) -  Phylogeography of the Lacerta viridis complex: mitochondrial and nuclear markers provide taxonomic insights. -  Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, Berlin, 54 (2): 85-105.    

  • Kehlmaier, C. & Zinenko, O. & Fritz, U. (2019) -  The enigmatic Crimean green lizard (Lacerta viridis magnifica) is extinct but not valid: Mitogenomics of a 120‐year‐old museum specimen reveals historical introduction. -  Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, Berlin, 57 (4): early view.    


Lacerta bilineata: 476  pictures (see subspecies level)


Lacerta bilineata bilineata  © 2019 Heribert Janz